Turkey Vs Kurds: The name of the banned Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) is coming behind the bomb blast on Sunday (November 13) in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkey’s Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu has said that he has received information that the terrorist organization PKK is responsible for the attack. The blast took place on Istiklal Street, a busy area of Istanbul at around 4.15 pm, in which four people died on the spot while two people died during treatment.
So far, six people who were in the grip of this blast have died and 81 people are said to be injured. The police have arrested about two dozen people so far. According to the police, Ahlam Abashir, one of the accused in the blast, has confessed many things in relation to the attack. According to local media, there is talk of Abashir’s connection with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called the blast a terrorist attack. The needle of suspicion is on the Kurds. After all, who are the Kurds, what is the dispute, let us all know.
Who are the Kurds?
A large ethnic group has lived for centuries in the plains of Mesopotamia, southeastern Turkey, northeastern Syria, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran and mountainous regions of southwestern Armenia. At present its population is estimated to be around 3.5 million. It is the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East in the world. This is called the Kurds, but this group, spread in different parts, does not have a permanent country. Kurds have been fighting for the existence of a separate country i.e. motherland for years.
Kurds have no standard language. Many Kurds follow different religions and creeds but the majority of the population is Sunni Muslim. Race, culture and dialect unite them.
Why is there no Kurdish country?
In the early 20th century, many Kurds considered creating their own country. He envisioned it as Kurdistan. Now they are divided into many organizations. Kurds were once part of the Ottoman Empire. After the end of the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, the winning Western countries made a provision for a Kurdish state in the 1920 Treaty of Sevres.
In World War I, Turkey fought on the side of Germany and was defeated. After this, on 10 August 1920, he had to make a treaty with the Allied countries. This is called the Treaty of Sevres. A village organization of Sevres, France is called. The hopes of a Kurdish state were dashed three years later. In 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne (a city in Switzerland) was signed between Turkey and Greece. which determined the boundaries of present-day Turkey and left no room for a Kurdish state. Both gave Kurds minority status in their countries. After this, any move by the Kurds to establish an independent country was ruthlessly crushed over the next eight decades.
When the Kurdistan Workers’ Party started the war
In 1978, Abdullah Oklan founded the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). This party called for an independent state within Turkey. Six years later this organization started armed struggle. It is claimed that since then this organization has killed more than 40,000 people and thousands have been displaced due to this. In the 1990s, the PKK withdrew from its demand for independence and instead demanded the right to be a self-governing caste, but the fight continued. After secret talks in 2013, a ceasefire was agreed upon. In 2015, a suicide attack on IS in Suruk, a Kurdish city near Syria, killed 33 youth activists, ending the ceasefire.
The PKK accused the authorities of complicity and attacked Turkish soldiers and police personnel. After this, the Turkish government launched a war against the PKK and IS, which it declared a ‘Synchronized War on Terror’. Since then thousands of people, including hundreds of civilians, have been killed in clashes in southeastern Turkey. x
Kurds in what situation at present?
Currently operating in Turkey, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party is the largest organization of Kurds, whose ideology is said to be Marxist and it fights on a guerrilla style. The Kurds are demanding autonomy in the southeast of Turkey. A group of Kurds called the YPG is fighting to create an autonomous state in Syria. Turkey calls it an extremist organization. Kurds enjoy an autonomous state in the northwest of Iraq. Here they are said to be the strongest.
The Kurds are running their rule in the north-eastern region of Syria. Kurds have a presence in the north-west of Iran, but they are not conducting any campaign here.
America has taken the side of the Kurds!
Apart from Turkey, the US and the European Union also consider the PKK a militant group. The US is claimed to have joined the YPG group of Kurds to fight Islamic State in Syria, but it splintered over Turkey’s opposition.
Why is the Kurdistan war not paying off?
Experts say that the fight to create Kurdistan did not pay off because the Kurds are divided in many places and are unable to fight unitedly. Their mutual interests are also coming in the way of the fight for Kurdistan.