What Is SCO Summit: SCO Summit is being organized in Samarkand, Uzbekistan on 15-16 September, in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi (PM Modi) is also taking part. Do you know what is this SCO summit after all? How did this organization start and what is the purpose of this organization. Which countries are its members and when India joined this organization and how did it become a permanent member. You will find answers to all these questions in this article.
SCO started in 1996
The full form of SCO is Shanghai Cooperation Organization. This organization was started in the year 1996 and then it was known as Shanghai-5. At that time its members were – China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The aim of the SCO was to combat racial and religious extremism. Along with this, it was also aimed to increase business and investment.
Purpose of this organization
This organization was named SCO in the year 2001. The thinking behind the organization was that such countries of Central Asia which were newly liberated and whose border with Russia and China, how to prevent tension on that border and how to improve and determine the borders.
This objective was achieved within the first three years of the formation of this organization. After this, the focus of this organization shifted towards eliminating energy supply and terrorism. It is considered the Eurasian Political Economy and Military Organization, as it includes countries on both sides of Europe and Asia.
Not only this, SCO is also considered as a way to reduce the pressure of US organization NATO. What is the importance of the organization, you can find out from the fact that at present, the total population of the countries included in this organization is 40 percent of the world.
How did this organization grow over time?
In the year 2001, when this organization was named SCO, only then Uzbekistan was made its member. At the same time, in the year 2005, both India and Pakistan were included as observers in this organization and then after 12 years i.e. in the year 2017, both the countries were made a part of the organization as permanent members.
With the joining of India and Pakistan, this organization became one of the largest organizations in the world. The SCO Summit has been taking place every year since its inception. This is the fourth time that India is participating in this summit as a permanent member.
How many members are there in this organization?
There are 8 members in this organization. China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan. Apart from this, there are 4 observer countries in this organization – Afghanistan, Belarus, Mongolia and Iran. However, the process of making Iran a member has been started in 2021 itself. Apart from these, there are currently 6 dialogue partners in the SCO Summit. Sri Lanka, Turkey, Cambodia, Azerbaijan, Nepal and Armenia. The top councils of this summit include the presidents of the member countries. At the same time, the headquarters of this organization is located in Beijing, China.