These days patriarchy is being blown up in Iran. There the girls are not only setting the hijab on fire but also burning the social conditioning that dictates the dress code for them in the name of morality. Not only on the streets, young girls have stood up against every coercion that is being imposed by making rules over the years, even in college campuses.
The women of Iran have once again declared to fight a war to make a country like the 70s. He clearly says that if hijab had been an option, Mahsa Amini would not have been arrested for not covering her head. That is, the purpose is clear that the girls of Iran have again declared war to make a country like the 70s for women. Iranian girls have decided that now they have to wear salwar-kurta, jeans-top or any other dress of their choice as it was in the 70s.
At present, slogans are being raised against the government everywhere in Iran. Videos of women cutting their hair are coming out on social media. So somewhere she is flying her hijab in front of the security forces. The reason for these demonstrations is 22-year-old Mehsa Amini. Mahsa Amini is no more in this world. He died on 16 September. Amini’s only crime was that she was not wearing the hijab properly.
Iran’s Moral Police arrested her for not wearing a hijab properly and brutally beaten up in a van, after being badly beaten amini She went into a coma, later she died. However, the police and the government have denied any claims of violence against him. But this is not the first time that a woman in Iran has been assaulted for not wearing a hijab properly. Many such cases have come to the fore. Iranian women have often been opposed to such cruelty.
In April 2018, a woman had ‘wrongly’ tied her hijab, due to which she was publicly thrashed by a female Moral police officer. The video of this incident went viral on social media overnight, after which the incident was condemned internationally.
What was the situation of Iran in the 70s
In the midst of these protests, pictures of the 70s have also once again started going viral on social media. Images and videos from before the Islamic Revolution in Iran depict women dressing freely. Let us know how the people there are forced to wear clothes according to government rules in the name of Islamic traditions.
After the 1979 Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution) in Iran, a law was passed for women to wear clothes prescribed by the Sharia. After this law, it was made mandatory for the women there to wear a burqa. Along with this, it was made mandatory for the women living there to wear a scarf or hijab on the head. However, before the Islamic Revolution, under the rule of Reza Shah Pahlavi, Iran had undergone many social reforms, which gave considerable freedom to women.
Reza Shah Pahlavi and the Modernization of Iran
In the late 19th century, Iranian society was influenced by landlords, merchants, intellectuals and Shia clerics. They all came together in the constitutional revolution but failed to overthrow the rule of the Qajar dynasty. The Qajar dynasty ruled Iran from 1794 to 1925.
However, this revolution of landlords, merchants, intellectuals and Shia clerics led to the rise of General Raza Khan, commander of the elite Persian Cossack Brigade (founder of the Pahlavi dynasty). In 1925, with the help of the United Kingdom, he came to power and established a constitutional monarchy. Raza Shah was greatly influenced by UK and USA. After years of ruling Iran, he initiated many social, economic and political reforms. He replaced Islamic laws with modern-day Western laws. He also raised his voice for the establishment of proper human rights and an effective democracy.
Reza Shah of Pahlavi dynasty did not like hijab and burqa. He banned it. Women who wore hijab or burqa were harassed. Raza Shah was so serious about these reforms that he implemented the Kashaf-e-Hijab in the year 1936. Under this law, if a woman wears a hijab, then the police there had the right to remove her. Reza Shah’s main objective behind all these changes was to weaken the influence of conservatives in the society.
Who was Mohammad Raza Shah
Mohammad Raza Shah was the son of Pahlavi Raza Shah. He took the throne of Iran in 1941. Like his father, Mohammad Raza was heavily influenced by western culture. He supported equal rights for women and took many important decisions to improve their condition.
To modernize the country, she started the ‘White Revolution’ in 1963 giving women the right to vote, as a result of which women were also elected to the Parliament. Apart from this, Iran’s personal law was also reformed in 1967 in which women should get equal rights. The age of marriage for girls was also raised from 13 to 18 years and abortion was also made legal. Emphasis was laid on increasing the participation of girls in education. By the 1970s, the share of girls in Iran’s universities was 30%. However, this revolution ended in 1978.
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