Most of the men of all these countries, who seem to argue strongly in favor of women being in the veil, have nothing but to say that the veil is a way to avoid the wrong eye … that means … disease wrong eye But the conservative society considers it better to keep the woman under the veil than to treat her.
Hearing such things, one remembers the lines of Akbar Allahabadi, which he wrote while taking a jibe at the men who favored this purdah system..
The veil was seen that yesterday a few wives
‘Akbar’ was buried by Ghairat-e-Qumi in the ground
I asked what happened to your curtain
Amini’s only crime is ‘not wearing the hijab properly’
Norway-based Iran Human Rights (IHR) said on Sunday that at least 92 people have been killed so far in violence following the death of Mahsa Amini, who was arrested by Iran’s Moral Police.
In April 2018, a woman, who had ‘wrongly’ tied her hijab, was publicly thrashed by a female Moral police officer in Tehran. The incident was shared widely on social media. The incident was condemned internationally.
When was wearing the hijab made compulsory in Iran?
Photos and videos from the pre-Islamic Revolution in Iran depict women dressing freely while the actual scene today is completely opposite. Let us throw light on the changes that took place in their lives over time and how they were forced to dress according to Islamic traditions….
Raza Shah Pahlavi and the Modernization of Iran
In the late 19th century, Iranian society was significantly influenced by landlords, merchants, intellectuals and Shia clerics. They all came together in the constitutional revolution but failed to overthrow the rule of the Qajar dynasty. The Qajar dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Iran from 1794 to 1925.
However, this revolution of landowners, merchants, intellectuals and Shia clerics led to the rise of General Raza Khan, the commander of the elite Persian Cossack Brigade (founder of the Pahlavi dynasty). In 1925, with the help of the United Kingdom, he came to power and established a constitutional monarchy.
Raza Shah was greatly influenced by UK and USA. After years of ruling Iran, he initiated many social, economic and political reforms. He replaced Islamic laws with modern-day Western laws. He also raised his voice for the establishment of proper human rights and an effective democracy.
Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi and the White Revolution
Mohammed Raza Shah was the son of Pahlavi Raza Shah. He took the throne in 1941. Like his father, he was also greatly influenced by western culture. He supported equal rights for women and took many important decisions to improve their condition. He allowed women to dress according to their wish.
To modernize the country, she started the ‘White Revolution’ in 1963 giving women the right to vote, as a result of which women were also elected to the Parliament.
The Rise of Orthodoxy and Islamic Law
Shia religious leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini opposed these policies of Mohammad Reza Shah. He became a prominent face in the 1963 protests against the White Revolution. He was arrested twice and sent into exile for 15 years. During this time Khomeini propagated the idea of Islamic Republic, Sharia Law and Islamic Government through books and cassettes.
In 1978, under his leadership, two million people gathered in Tehran’s Shaheed Square to protest against the Shah. Interestingly, a large number of women also took an active part in this revolution.
In 1979, fearing execution, Shah Reza Pahlavi fled the country and Iran became an Islamic republic. Khomeini was made the supreme leader of Iran and the country became a stronghold of Shia Muslims in the Islamic world. Women’s rights were abolished at the beginning of the Khomeini regime.
Wearing Hijab Made Compulsory
In the year 1981, the use of cosmetic products was banned and wearing of hijab became mandatory. Religious police began removing women’s lipstick with razor blades. The Islamic government ended the 1967 Family Protection Act reforms and lowered the age of marriage for girls from 18 to 9 years.
What is Iran’s Morality Police?
Morality police in Iran has a history of its own. It is called Patrol-e-Irshad there. Patrol-e-irshad means – to follow the dress according to Islamic laws in public places. This means that the job of Patrol-e-Irshad is to get the proper dress code and the rules related to them to be followed. Patrol-e-Irshad is said to be part of the Iranian government.
Hijab is an anti-feminist tradition in every sense, so why doesn’t a united voice rise up
Now that the women in Iran have challenged the masculine authority, thinking and fanatical religious law regarding the hijab on the streets, then anyone’s heart must have been happy. If the voices of rebellion from within Islam rise in the same way all over the world, how long will it take to break the shackles.
This circle on your forehead is very good, but,
It would have been better if you could make a parcham from this circle